Signs Of Prostate Cancer In Men

prostate cancer is found through a PSA test or DRE in men who have early-stage disease and no symptoms or signs, a process called screening. If a PSA test or DRE indicates that prostate cancer may be present, more monitoring and testing is needed to diagnose prostate cancer. When prostate cancer does cause symptoms or signs, it is usually diagnosed in a later stages. 

These symptoms and signs may include:  

  • Frequent urination

  • Weak or interrupted urine flow or the need to strain to empty the bladder

  • Blood in the urine

  • The urge to urinate frequently at night

  • Blood in the seminal fluid

  • New onset of erectile dysfunction

  • Pain or burning during urination, which is much less common

  • Discomfort when sitting, caused by an enlarged prostate

Sometimes men with prostate cancer do not have any of these changes. Or, the cause of a symptom may be another medical condition that is not cancer. Other noncancerous conditions, such as BPH or an enlarged prostate, can cause similar symptoms. Urinary symptoms also can be caused by an infection or other conditions.

If cancer has spread outside of the prostate gland, a man may experience:

  • Pain in the back, hips, thighs, shoulders, or other bones

  • Swelling or edema in the legs or feet

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Fatigue

  • Change in bowel habits

If you are concerned about any changes you experience, please talk with your doctor. Your doctor will ask how long and how often you have been experiencing the symptom(s), in addition to other questions. This is to help find out the cause of the problem, called a diagnosis.

If cancer is diagnosed, relieving symptoms remains an important part of cancer care and treatment. This may also be called symptom management, palliative care, or supportive care. Be sure to talk with your health care team about symptoms you experience, including any new symptoms or a change in symptoms.

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